The research in this theme has a dual purpose of conceptualization and operationalization. It is therefore a matter of characterizing the conditions and factors of the commitment of patients, users and persons supported and, more broadly, of their power to act in health. More specifically, it is a matter of identifying the necessary learning and the means to support it.
On the one hand, this leads to characterize the power to act in health of the persons in relation with their life environment, that is to say the motivations/capacities related to their health, their care but also their attitudes and intentions, and their strategies of adaptation, of resistance, in relation with the factors influencing their health. The mechanisms at play will be studied in several contexts in order to answer the following question: what characterizes and promotes the individual power to act of patients, accompanied persons and users, in particular in very precarious situations, but also of practicing professionals, in a posture of support for the power to act of the persons they accompany?
On the other hand, we will study the conditions and factors that facilitate the actions of health ambassadors in the Seine Saint-Denis area or those that encourage the appropriation of the contributions of user-coordinators, patient-teachers and co-researchers, and patient-partners in care organizations, for example, as well as the objectives pursued from their point of view and from the point of view of those who solicit them This research will help answer the question: what is meaningful community engagement, and what are the conditions for it?